Formed in and known as the Dies Committee for Rep. The Committee soon focused on Communism, beginning with an investigation into Communists in the Federal Theatre Project in This investigation ultimately resulted in Hiss's trial and conviction for perjury, and convinced many of the usefulness of congressional committees for uncovering Communist subversion.
Visit Website Did you know? At Chancellorsville, Jackson was shot by one of his own men, who mistook him for Union cavalry. His arm was amputated, and he died from pneumonia eight days later. Inthe U. Congress passed the Kansas- Nebraska Act, which essentially opened all new territories to slavery by asserting the rule of popular sovereignty over congressional edict.
On April 12, after Lincoln ordered a fleet to resupply Sumter, Confederate artillery fired the first shots of the Civil War.
Border slave states like MissouriKentucky and Maryland did not secede, but there was much Confederate sympathy among their citizens. Though on the surface the Civil War may have seemed a lopsided conflict, with the 23 states of the Union enjoying an enormous advantage in population, manufacturing including arms production and railroad construction, the Confederates had a strong military tradition, along with some of the best soldiers and commanders in the nation.
They also had a cause they believed in: McClellan—who replaced the aging General Winfield Scott as supreme commander of the Union Army after the first months of the war—was beloved by his troops, but his reluctance to advance frustrated Lincoln.
The combined forces of Robert E. Lincoln refused, and instead withdrew the Army of the Potomac to Washington.
Halleck, though he remained in command of the Army of the Potomac. On the heels of his victory at Manassas, Lee began the first Confederate invasion of the North. Despite contradictory orders from Lincoln and Halleck, McClellan was able to reorganize his army and strike at Lee on September 14 in Maryland, driving the Confederates back to a defensive position along Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburg.
Total casualties at Antietam numbered 12, of some 69, troops on the Union side, and 13, of around 52, for the Confederates.
The Union victory at Antietam would prove decisive, as it halted the Confederate advance in Maryland and forced Lee to retreat into Virginia. After the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln had used the occasion of the Union victory at Antietam to issue a preliminary Emancipation Proclamationwhich freed all slaves in the rebellious states after January 1, He justified his decision as a wartime measure, and did not go so far as to free the slaves in the border states loyal to the Union.
Still, the Emancipation Proclamation deprived the Confederacy of the bulk of its labor forces and put international public opinion strongly on the Union side.
Someblack soldiers would join the Union Army by the time the war ended inand 38, lost their lives. The Confederates gained a costly victory in the battle that followed, suffering 13, casualties around 22 percent of their troops ; the Union lost 17, men 15 percent. Over three days of fierce fighting, the Confederates were unable to push through the Union center, and suffered casualties of close to 60 percent.
Also in JulyUnion forces under Ulysses S. Grant took Vicksburg Mississippia victory that would prove to be the turning point of the war in the western theater.
Despite heavy Union casualties in the Battle of the Wilderness and at Spotsylvania both Mayat Cold Harbor early June and the key rail center of Petersburg JuneGrant pursued a strategy of attrition, putting Petersburg under siege for the next nine months.
For most of the next week, Grant and Meade pursued the Confederates along the Appomattox River, finally exhausting their possibilities for escape.
On the eve of victory, the Union lost its great leader:November 20, marks the 75th anniversary of the assault on Tarawa, which precipitated one of the bloodiest and most intense battles of World War II in the Pacific.
Aug 30, · The American War of Independence: The Rebels and the Redcoats. The American war was now a world war, which meant that British resources could no . The Great War full film The Great War.
th anniversary of the Armistice of WWI. Now Streaming. Civil War Summary: The American Civil War, –, resulted from long-standing sectional differences and questions not fully resolved when the United States Constitution was ratified in , primarily the issue of slavery and states rights.
With the defeat of the Southern Confederacy and the. Our website is the source for the latest security and strategic research from the military's link to the academic community.
The Strategic Studies Institute is the War . McCarthyism is the practice in the United States of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. The term refers to U.S. senator Joseph McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) and has its origins in the period in the United States known as the Second Red Scare, lasting from the late s through the s.
It was characterized by heightened political repression as well as a.