Petechiae small red spots under the skin Other potential symptoms of leukemia Because some conditions coincide with the presence of the disease, the following may be signs of leukemia: A low red blood cell count. Red blood cells carry oxygen around the body. This condition may contribute to weakness, fatigue or shortness of breath.
Diagnosing leukemia Leukemia may be suspected if you have certain risk factors or concerning symptoms. Instead, doctors will use blood tests, biopsiesand imaging tests to make a diagnosis.
Tests There are a number of different tests that can be used to diagnose leukemia. Looking at your blood under a microscope can also determine if the cells have an abnormal appearance.
Tissue biopsies can be taken from the bone marrow or lymph nodes to look for evidence of leukemia.
These small samples can identify the type of leukemia and its growth rate. Biopsies of other organs such as the liver and spleen can show if the cancer has spread.
Staging helps your doctor determine your outlook. AML and ALL are staged based on how cancer cells look under the microscope and the type of cell involved. The presence of immature white blood cells, or myeloblasts, in the blood and bone marrow is also used to stage AML and CML.
Assessing the progression A number of other tests can be used to assess the progression of the disease: Flow cytometry examines the DNA of the cancer cells and determines their growth rate.
Liver function tests show whether leukemia cells are affecting or invading the liver. Lumbar puncture is performed by inserting a thin needle between the vertebrae of your lower back. This allows your doctor to collect spinal fluid and determine if the cancer has spread to the central nervous system.
Treating leukemia Leukemia is usually treated by a hematologist-oncologist. These are doctors who specialize in blood disorders and cancer.
The treatment depends on the type and stage of the cancer. However, treatment for leukemia usually involves one or more of the following: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill leukemia cells. Depending on the type of leukemia, you may take either a single drug or a combination of different drugs.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to damage leukemia cells and inhibit their growth. Radiation can be applied to a specific area or to your entire body.
Stem cell transplantation replaces diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow, either your own called autologous transplantation or from a donor called allologous transplantation.
This procedure is also called a bone marrow transplant. Biological or immune therapy uses treatments that help your immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.
Targeted therapy uses medications that take advantage of vulnerabilities in cancer cells.Leukemia: Causes, symptoms, and treatment Leukemia is cancer of the blood or bone marrow (which produces blood cells).
A person who has leukemia suffers from an abnormal production of blood cells, generally leukocytes (white blood cells). Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is the most common leukemia in adults and is often diagnosed before any symptoms develop.
In some ways, it is very similar to some lymphomas and is treated in a similar fashion. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Causes and treatments Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an aggressive malignant cancer involving an accumulation of immature, useless cells in the marrow and. With CLL, the most common chronic adult leukemia, you may feel well for years without needing treatment.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
This type of leukemia mainly affects adults. Treatment. Treatment for your leukemia depends on many factors. Your doctor determines your leukemia treatment options based on your age and overall health, the type of leukemia you have, and whether it has spread to other parts of your body, including the central nervous system.
Common treatments used to fight leukemia . Treatment. Treatment of leukaemia depends on the type of leukaemia, the extent of the disease, prior treatment, and the age and health of the patient. The aim of treatment is to destroy the leukaemia cell and make the symptoms go away.
The types of treatment used for leukaemia include: Chemotherapy: the main form of treatment for leukaemia.