Sikh world history Origins of Sikhism Sikhism was born in the Punjab area of South Asia, which now falls into the present day states of India and Pakistan. The main religions of the area at the time were Hinduism and Islam.
Khalsa and Sahajdhari KangaKara and Kirpan: The symbols represent the ideals of Sikhism: Uncut hair, usually tied and wrapped in a Dastar Kanga: A wooden comb, usually worn under a Dastar Kachera: Cotton undergarments, historically appropriate in battle due to increased mobility when compared to a dhoti.
Worn by both sexes, the kachera is a symbol of chastity. An iron bracelet, a symbol of eternity. An iron dagger in different sizes. In the UK Sikhs can wear a small dagger, but in the Punjab they might wear a traditional curved sword from one to three feet in length.
Music and instruments[ edit ] Main article: Sikh music The Sikhs have a number of musical instruments: Playing the sarangi was encouraged by Guru Hargobind.
The rebab was played by Bhai Mardana as he accompanied Guru Nanak on his journeys. The jori and sarinda were introduced to Sikh devotional music by Guru Arjan.
The taus was designed by Guru Hargobind, who supposedly heard a peacock singing and wanted to create an instrument mimicking its sounds taus is the Persian word for peacock.
The dilruba was designed by Guru Gobind Singh at the request of his followers, who wanted a smaller instrument than the taus. This type of singing is known as Gurmat Sangeet.
When they marched into battle, the Sikhs would play a Ranjit Nagara victory drum to boost morale. Nagaras usually two to three feet in diameter, although some were up to five feet in diameter are played with two sticks. The beat of the large drums, and the raising of the Nishan Sahibmeant that the singhs were on their way.
About 76 percent of all Sikhs live in the north Indian State of Punjabwhere they form a majority about two-thirds of the population.
Due to this, Canada is the country that has the highest number of Sikhs in proportion to the population in the world at 1. Moliner wrote  that as a consequence of Sikh migration to the UK "becom[ing] virtually impossible since the late s", migration patterns evolved to continental Europe.
Italy is a rapidly growing destination for Sikh migration,  with Reggio Emilia and Vicenza having significant Sikh population clusters. Primarily for socio-economic reasons, Indian Sikhs have the lowest adjusted growth rate of any major religious group in India, at However they all came from just one caste, the Khatris.
Despite being very small in numbers, the mercantile Khatri and Arora castes wield considerable influence within the Sikh community. Other common Sikh castes include Sainis kshatriyasRajputsRamgarhias artisansAhluwalias formerly brewersKambojs rural casteRai Sikh rural casteLabanas merchantsKumhars and the two Dalit castes, known in Sikh terminology as the Mazhabis the Chuhras and the Ravidasias the Chamars.
While Dalits would be allowed entry into the village gurdwaras they would not be permitted to cook or serve langar Communal meal. Therefore, wherever they could mobilise resources, the Sikh Dalits  of Punjab have tried to construct their own gurdwara and other local level institutions in order to attain a certain degree of cultural autonomy.
The Indian government does not release religious or ethnic origins of the military personnel, but a report by Tim McGirk estimated that 20 percent of Indian Army officers were Sikhs. Indian physicist Vandana Shiva  wrote that the green revolution made the "negative and destructive impacts of science [i.
A Sikh temple, Nanaksar Gurudwara, in Richmond, British Columbia Punjabi Sikhs are engaged in a number of professions which include science, engineering and medicine. Notable examples are nuclear scientist Piara Singh Gill who worked on the Manhattan Projectfibre-optics pioneer Narinder Singh Kapany and physicist, science writer and broadcaster Simon Singh.
India's largest pharmaceutical company, Ranbaxy Laboratoriesis headed by Sikhs. The Sikh diaspora has been most successful in North America.
Under their leader, Akali Phula Singhthey won many battles for the Sikh Confederacy during the early 19th century. In the Indian and British armies[ edit ] French postcard depicting the arrival of the 15th Sikh Regiment in France during World War I ; the bilingual postcard reads, "Gentlemen of India marching to chasten the German hooligans".
Until fourteen Victoria Crosses were awarded to Sikhs, a per-capita regimental record. Around the world, Sikhs are commemorated in Commonwealth cemeteries. During shell fire, they had no other head protection but the turban, the symbol of their faith.
I know that within this century we needed their help twice [in two world wars] and they did help us very well.
As a result of their timely help, we are today able to live with honour, dignity, and independence. In the war, they fought and died for us, wearing the turbans.Sep 30, · Sikhism was born in the Punjab area of South Asia, which now falls into the present day states of India and Pakistan. The main religions of the area at the time were Hinduism and Islam.
When Humayun came to the throne of the Mughal Empire, several of his brothers revolted against urbanagricultureinitiative.comr brother Khalil Mirza (–30) supported Humayun but was assassinated. The Emperor commenced construction of a tomb for his brother in , but this was not yet finished when Humayun was forced to flee to Persia.
Sikhism condemns blind rituals such as fasting, visiting places of pilgrimage, superstitions, worship of the dead, idol worship etc. Sikhism preaches that people of different races, religions, or sex are all equal in the eyes of God.
It teaches the full equality of men and women. History Of Punjab: State Of Sikh Religion (situated In North Of India Punjab Electricity Kings punjab Tourism In Punjab Bank of Punjab Pakistan Sikh Religion Sikh Religion Leandro vs. Punjab, state in northwestern India,bordered on the north by Jammu and Kashmir state and Himachal Pradesh state, on the east and south by Haryana state, on the south and southwest by Rajasthan state, and on the west by Pakistan.
Punjab state lies between the great systems of the Indus and Ganges river. Punjab had a population of 20,, a. The meaning of four Varnas and Shudra in particular is completely different from what the Macaulay inspired intellectuals would want us to believe.