The Sociological Perspective This section of the course introduces students to the discipline of sociology, focusing on its history, the questions and scientific methods that characterize it as a field, and what distinguishes it from other social science disciplines. Included in this definition is the ongoing evolution of sociology as a discipline that is both basic science and applied science.
M2 Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups. Social class Ill health and life expectancy vary depending on where an individual lives. An individual of higher classes tend to live longer and enjoy better health than individuals who live in lower social groups.
This could suggest that if you are in a low socio-economic group your health will be comprised by things such as lifestyle choices. Social class can influence their health; the difference in health between social classes is not just income.
On the other hand, it could be argued that social mobility is limited in most societies. Because people are born into the class they are now in and are most likely going to stay in that class. This agrees with the Marxism approach. A person of upper class would be able to access private care.
Individuals who are of lower social class, will have to go to public hospital which may take longer than if they were to go for private care. It could be argued that if a person was on a higher income they will have easier access to things such as alcohol and dangerous drugs.
If people on a lower income exercised more and smoked and drank a bit less than they too could enjoy the benefits of a longer and healthier life. But a 25 year life expectancy gap cannot simply be explained by a dedicated diet of alcohol, cigarettes and chips.
Lastly, the information may be bias and not have looked at groups of people just a few social groups. Lastly, social classing is that people can easily rise in class system because of mobility. If a person works hard they could move up the ladder.
Ethnic minority groups The graph below show that ethnic minority groups, live in areas of deprivation in inner areas with associated poor housing pollutions and relatively high unemployment. This would therefore make it difficult to know whether poverty is due to poor health or ethnicity.
Compared to whites minority there is evidence from annual population survey, office for national statics, shows that unemployment is higher for blacks in ethnic groups than white British and Irish.
The information gathered could be bias and not have looked at groups of people just a few social groups. Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and tends of health and illness in two different social groups.
In this assignment I intend on continuing on from my p3 and m2 to come to a conclusion and evaluate both of my chosen sociological explanation and look at both the strengths and weakness of my chosen social group.
The black report believe in four possible sociological explanations The statistical artefact explanations The statistical artefact explanations say statics show a bias view. People are in lower classes because of their poor health, absenteeism and lack of energy needed for success and promotion.
Strengths Strength to natural social selection is that lack of energy is the cause of ill health then that could be easily fixed and ill health would be gone. Cultural or behavioural explanations Cultural or behavioural explanations focus on the behaviour and lifestyle choices of people in lower social classes.
People in lower social class smoked more, drank more heavily, and were more likely to eat junk food and take insufficient exercise. A person with poor lifestyle choices link to range of chronic illness including heart diseases and some forms of cancer and diabetes. However, the fact a lot of people in deprived economically circumstances use smoking and alcohol as a way to help cope with their situation.
Weakness The cultural or behavioural explanations could be a weakness because it states a stereotypical view of people who are in lower income which a person of a higher income could engage in as well.
It assumes that if a person was to stop smoking, drinking and eat healthy they will no longer have problems considering their health and that they would be living their life like a person of higher status. Strengths On the other hand, the cultural or behavioural explanations could be a strength because if it took a person to stop drinking, smoking and to eat more healthily.
Social mobility would be easier because it would be easy for them to change their social status.
|Survey Research: A Quantitative Technique||In this section of my assignment I will: Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings M2:|
|Other Subject Areas||Then for D1 I will be evaluating the different views from each of my chosen perspectives.|
|Unit 7 – Sociological perspectives in Health and Social Care – nikayladavies||A musical composition has a structure; a sentence has a structure etc. In all these we find an ordered arrangement of different parts.|
The material or structural explanations Material or structural explanations suggest that those social groups for whom life expectancy is shorter and for infant mortality is higher, suffer poorer health and suffer poorer health than other groups because of inequalities in wealth and income are and income.
Poverty and persistently low income are associates with poorer diets, poorer housing and poorer environments.2 The Sociology of Gender: Theoretical Perspectives and Feminist Frameworks research on gender issues now suggests that all social interactions, and the institu-tions in which the interactions occur, are gendered in some manner.
Nov 09, · M2 Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups. Social class Ill health and life expectancy vary depending on where an individual lives. An individual of higher classes tend to live longer and enjoy better health than individuals who live in lower social groups.
Conclusion. shows that there is an existence of health inequalities and their association to social class, in this report there is data, even though there is a downfall in mortality, the superior classes take into account more rapid mortality deterioration.
1 - Sociology and Sociological Perspectives introduction. Understand sociological perspectives 2. Understand sociological approaches to health and social care. Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups.
(M2). Kyle’s note: Data is a powerful way to share insights, support ideas and discover unexpected urbanagricultureinitiative.com people avoid using data because it seems difficult to work with and collect.
This post by Ritika Puri gives you a wealth of different sources for data that are easy to access and understand. Apr 12, · In this section, I will continue from P3 and M2 to come to a conclusion and evaluate both of my chosen sociological explanation and look at the strengths and weakness’ of the social perspectives on the patterns and trends of health and ill-health.