The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed. As the fighting progressed, the Lincoln government Origins of Reconstruction The national debate over Reconstruction began during the Civil War. In Decemberless than a year after he issued the Emancipation ProclamationPres. To Lincoln, the plan was an attempt to weaken the Confederacy rather than a blueprint for the postwar South.
Reconstruction Government in the South Under the terms of the Reconstruction Act ofRepublican governments came to power throughout the South, offering blacks, for the first time in American history, a genuine share of political power.
The coming of black suffrage under the Reconstruction Act of produced a wave of political mobilization among African Americans in the South.
In Union Leagues and impromptu gatherings, blacks organized to demand equality before the law and economic opportunity. Blacks were joined by white newcomers from the North - called "carpetbaggers" by their political opponents.
And the Republican party in some states attracted a considerable number of white Southerners, to whom Democrats applied the name "scalawag" - mostly Unionist small farmers but including some prominent plantation owners.
Bythe former Confederate states had been readmitted to the Union under new constitutions that marked a striking departure in Southern government. African Americans served in virtually every governmental capacity during Reconstruction, from member of Congress to state and local officials.
Their presence in positions of political power symbolized the political revolution wrought by Reconstruction.A hostile and biased historical interpretation of Reconstruction as a tragic era of black supremacy became part of the justification for the South's new system of white supremacy.
Not until the mid-twentieth century would the nation again attempt to come to terms with the political and social agenda of Reconstruction. The Reconstruction Era brought about the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, saw some of the first African-American office holders in the Deep South, and saw the most extensive civil rights in the South until the s.
Reconstruction, Reconstruction era of the United States, Reconstruction of the Rebel States, Reconstruction of the South, Reconstruction of the Southern States: Cause: American Civil War: Organized by: The Reconstruction era was the period from to in American history. Watch video · During Reconstruction, the Republican Party in the South represented a coalition of blacks (who made up the overwhelming majority of Republican voters in the region) along with "carpetbaggers" and.
Not until the mid-twentieth century would the nation again attempt to come to terms with the political and social agenda of Reconstruction.
The civil rights movement of the s and s is often called the Second Reconstruction. Reconstruction in the South Till Essay The Reconstruction of the South lasted 12 years from to It was one of the most controversial periods in the nation’s history.
In that time period Blacks were blamed for many things.