What Should You Cite? Do I need to cite everything I use in the paper? Cite anything you rely on for data or authoritative opinions. Cite both quotes and paraphrases.
Format of Citations and References 1. Introduction As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report. Many of the references you use will come from published sources.
Some may come from electronic sources such as the World Wide Web, Melvyl and Harvest databases available through the UC Davis library, CD references and the like, and some may come from interviews.
In Figure 3, you can see the amount of papers published in a given year, and the colors represent how many citations each paper got that year, with the red end of the spectrum showing papers cited very little, and the violet end . The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram urbanagricultureinitiative.com you want to write the research paper for it. (Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study.) Here's a shortened example of a research article that MIGHT have been written. How to Quote in a Research Paper. A research paper can be made stronger through the use of quotations. You may use quotes when you need to cite a key piece of primary source material, strengthen your argument through another writer's work.
An important component of your writing will be the effective use of reference material. This skill will serve you well in writing papers of all types, not just those required for classes.
For this class, we will be using the documentation style of the American Psychological Association APA, modified with italics substituted for underlining.
This format is very similar to that of the Modern Language Association, and these are the most commonly used styles for publishing in the social and natural sciences.
The general form of citations in the body of the text is to include the author and date in parentheses as above and optionally include the page number s after the date. The rules are described in more detail, with examples, in section 3. Basic Guidelines The purpose of the term paper in ECS 15 is for you to learn how to do effective research on a subject and then write it up clearly, showing where you got your information.
A research paper requires searching for information pertinent to a given subject, organizing it, and presenting it effectively in written form. Oral research reports are also useful, but this course does not cover them.
In the following sections, we will present the way that we want you to cite your references in the term paper for this course. The required format meets the accepted practices cited in Li and Cranea reference that is currently considered the best authority on citing electronic sources.
This book in turn follows the basic format for the American Psychological Association APA,which is a good format though by no means the only acceptable one in technical publications. You may be required to use slightly different formats for other papers, such as papers submitted for publication to refereed journals, each of which typically have their own styles.
Learning how to follow one such set of rules is a worthwhile exercise. You will therefore be expected to use the format set out below.
In-text Citation to References When citing a reference from your reference list, please use the following conventions. Put in parentheses the author s last names, the year, and optionally the page number s separated by commas.
Walters, or Austin, For the date, use the year.For examples of how often to cite a source in a paragraph, see our examples in the Citing Sources Properly section. APA style citations are all in-text citations, meaning the information about the source appears in the body of the paper rather than in end notes or footnotes.
Fig. 1. The top of the first page of a research paper. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use.
Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. The writer will how to use internet citations in a research paper how to use internet citations in a research paper arguments of other Internet users to support the thesis that.
(, February 7). an article published in print by the presence of an Internet address, usually. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Term Paper: Format of Citations and References 1. Introduction. As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report.