Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India were very frequent during the period s to s. Due to faulty distribution of food, and because farmers did not receive the true value for their labour, the majority of the population did not get enough food. They took loans from zamindarswho charged high rates of interests and also exploited the farmers later on to work in their fields to repay the loans farm labourers.
In this essay we will discuss about Green Revolution in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: Subject Matter of Green Revolution 2. Important Features of Green Revolution 3.
Contents Green Revolution in India: Subject Matter of Green Revolution: The new agricultural strategy was adopted in India during the Third Plan, i.
Thus, the traditional agricultural practices followed in India are gradually being replaced by modern technology and agricultural practices. This report of Ford Foundation suggested to introduce intensive effort for raising agricultural production and productivity in selected regions of the country through the introduction of modern inputs like fertilisers, credit, marketing facilities etc.
Accordingly, infrom seven states seven districts were selected and the Government introduced a pilot project known as Intensive Area Development Programme IADP into those seven districts.
Later on, this programme was extended to remaining states and one district from each state was selected for intensive development.
Accordingly, indistricts out of were selected for intensive cultivation and the programme was renamed as Intensive Agricultural Areas Programme IAAP. During the period of mids, Prof.
Norman Borlaug of Mexico developed new high yielding varieties of wheat and accordingly various countries started to apply this new variety with much promise.
This programme was adopted as a package programme as the very success of this programme depends upon adequate irrigation facilities, application of fertilizers, high yielding varieties of seeds, pesticides, insecticides etc.
In this way a new technology was gradually adopted in Indian agriculture. This new strategy is also popularly known as modern agricultural technology or green revolution. Gradually the coverage of the programme was enlarged and intotal area covered by this HYVP programme was estimated As the new HYV seeds require shorter duration to grow thus it paved way for the introduction of multiple cropping, i.
|Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India were very frequent during the period s to s. Due to faulty distribution of food, and because farmers did not receive the true value for their labour, the majority of the population did not get enough food.|
|Like other developing countries, Green Revolution has influenced the economy and way of life in India to a great extent as is evident from the following points:|
|Agriculture in Mexico It has been argued that "during the twentieth century two 'revolutions' transformed rural Mexico: Although the Mexican Revolution had broken the back of the hacienda system and land reform in Mexico had by distributed a large expanse of land in central and southern Mexico, agricultural productivity had fallen.|
|The introduction of high-yielding varieties of Indian seeds after and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation are known collectively as the Indian Green Revolution, which provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains. The program was started with the help of the United States-based Rockefeller Foundation and was based on high-yielding varieties of wheat, rice, and other grains that had been developed in Mexico and in the Philippines.|
|Although the Mexican Revolution had broken the back of the hacienda system and land reform in Mexico had by distributed a large expanse of land in central and southern Mexico, agricultural productivity had fallen.|
But in case of production of rice, although new HYV varieties of seeds like T. Some degree of success was only achieved in respect of IR Important Features of Green Revolution: Following are some of important features of Green Revolution: The Green revolution is considered as revolutionary in character as it is based as new technology, new ideas, new application of inputs like HYV seeds, fertilizers, irrigation water, pesticides etc.
As all these were brought suddenly and spread quickly to attain dramatic results thus it is termed as revolution in green agriculture. The most important strategy followed in green revolution is the application of high yielding variety HYV seeds.Green revolution has contributed favourably to change the attitudes of farmers in India.
Agricultural operation has enhanced its status from subsistence activity to . The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain output of million tonnes in / This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers.
This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers. The Green Revolution, spreading over the period from/68 to /78, changed India’s status from a food-deficient country to one of the world's leading agricultural nations.
GREEN REVOLUTION GREEN REVOLUTION. The Green Revolution was the notable increase in cereal-grains production in Mexico, India , Pakistan , the Philippines , and other developing countries in the s and s. The Green Revolution, however, resulted in huge impacts, for instance, the implementation of land reforms, increased varieties of high yielding crops and mechanization. Limitations of the Green Revolution. While it has great positive impacts, there are a few bottlenecks compounding the Green Revolution in India. The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain output of million tonnes in / This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers. This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers.
Until the government largely concentrated on expanding the farming areas. Countries all over the world in turn benefited from the Green Revolution work conducted by Borlaug and this research institution.
India for example was on the brink of mass famine in the early s because of its rapidly growing population. Essay # 1. Subject Matter of Green Revolution: The new agricultural strategy was adopted in India during the Third Plan, i.e., during s. As suggested by the team of experts of the Ford Foundation in its report “India’s Crisis of Food and Steps to Meet it” in the Government decided to shift the strategy followed in agricultural sector of the country.
Apr 14, · 'Green Revolution' Trapping India's Farmers In Debt In the s and '70s, farmers in the Indian state of Punjab changed from traditional methods to .