Gender differences in humans Natural differences exist between the sexes base on biological and anatomic factors, most notably differing reproductive roles. Biological differences include chromosomes and hormonal differences. Men have larger lung volumes and more circulating blood cells and clotting factors, while women have more circulating white blood cells and produce antibodies faster. These changes are influenced by the male sex hormone testosteronewhich increases visuospatial memory in both genders when administered.
In fact, studies show consistently that women score higher on the stress-o-meter than do men. In a survey conducted in by the American Psychological Association APA fully 51 percent of women -- compared to 43 percent of men -- reported that stress had an impact on their lives.
In one study of 2, people published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, women scored significantly higher than men in terms of chronic stress. They are more likely than men to report stress-related health problems such as hypertension, depression, anxiety, and obesity.
However, men are by no means getting away free. Although more women see the doctor for stress-related ailments, more men die from them. The stress gap If stress were breaking down along traditional gender lines, men would be expected to worry more about money and women more about the family.
But surprisingly, 28 percent of women in the APA study called finances a "very significant" source of stress, compared to 19 percent of men.
Thorn said that was because the study of 2, adults deliberately over-sampled African Americans and Hispanics and picked up a higher than average sampling of single mothers.
A report by the NIMH in part blames "stress due to psychosocial factors, such as multiple roles in the home and at work, and the increased likelihood of women to be poor, at risk for violence and abuse and raising the children alone.
In addition, the role of "health care decision maker" has largely fallen to mothers, according to the APA survey, which found a whopping 73 percent of women identifying with that position in the family.
Stress is higher in health care decision makers, whose activities may include everything from taking the kids to the doctor to caregiving for an elderly parent. Thorn, whose area of expertise is the connection between chronic stressors and physical health, says she feels that role acutely even in her own family.
On the day she was interviewed for this story, she had to dash off to take her year-old son to the doctor. Thorn says her husband has procrastinated for two months in filling a prescription for himself.
Although there are always exceptions, the APA study and others found that women tend to respond to stressors with feelings of nervousness, wanting to cry, or lack of energy. Men, on the other hand, respond by having trouble sleeping and experiencing feelings of anger and irritability.
Stressed people of both sexes are also likely to smoke more and exercise less.
But no matter what your circumstance or your gender, Thorn has a prescription: Getting even a little bit of exercise can help reduce your stress, she says. Beverly Thorn, director of the doctoral training program in clinical psychology at the University of Alabama.
Report released February 23, National Institute of Mental Health. Women Hold Up Half the Sky: Women and Mental Health Research. Statistics related to overweight and obesity.Gender and women's mental health Gender disparities and mental health: The Facts.
Mental illness is associated with a significant burden of morbidity and disability. Causes of Officer Stress and Fatigue Enduring stress for a long period of time can lead to anxiety, depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The role of gender in workplace stress: a critical literature review Reheiser EC The job stress survey: Measuring gender differences in occupational stress.
Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 9: Life Sciences Materials Science & Engineering Social Sciences & Humanities Journals A-Z.
Visit urbanagricultureinitiative.com and study full project report on Effect of Stress on Academic Performance of Students and many research reports also. Men and women must realize their respective equal roles and strive to complement each other in their shared struggle to improve life.
In order to correct the abuse of male dominance, men must concentrate on using their dominant qualities for the good. @BGR Bravo! You get a standing “O” for this most needed correction in Christian culture..
Two thumbs up and a hearty “Amen”. Tis a shame that teachings like this are not usually part of the older women teaching the younger women curriculum.