Definitions of slavery

According to those proposing a change in terminology, "slave" perpetuates the crime of slavery in language, by reducing its victims to a nonhuman noun instead of, according to Andi Cumbo-Floyd, "carry[ing] them forward as people, not the property that they were". Other historians prefer "slave" because the term is familiar and shorter, or because it accurately reflects the inhumanity of slavery, with "person" implying a degree of autonomy that slavery does not allow for. A Meccan merchant right and his Circassian slave, between and Chattel slavery Chattel slavery, also called traditional slavery, is so named because people are treated as the chattel personal property of the owner and are bought and sold as commodities.

Definitions of slavery

About half these slaves were unfortunates in their own societies: It is sometimes hypothesized that at some moment it was decided that persons detained for a crime or as a result of warfare would be more useful if put to work in some way rather than if killed outright and discarded or eaten.

But both if and when that first occurred is unknown. Slave-owning societies Slavery is known to have existed as early as the Shang dynasty 18th—12th century bce in China. It has been studied thoroughly in ancient Han China bce—25 cewhere perhaps 5 percent of the population was enslaved.

Slavery continued to be a feature of Chinese society down to the 20th century. For most of that period it appears that slaves were generated in the same ways they were elsewhere, including capture in war, slave raiding, and the sale of insolvent debtors.

Slavery - definition of slavery by The Free Dictionary

In addition, the Chinese practiced self-sale into slavery, the sale of women and children to satisfy debts or because the seller could not feed themand Definitions of slavery sale of the relatives of executed criminals.

Finally, kidnapping seems to have produced a regular flow of slaves at some times. The go-between or middleman was an important figure in the sale of local people into slavery; he provided the distance that made such slaves into outsiders, for the purchasers did not know their origins.

Chinese family boundaries were relatively permeable, and some owners established kinlike relations with their slaves; male slaves were appointed as heirs when no natural offspring existed. As was also the case in other slave-owning societies, slaves in China were often luxury consumption items who constituted a drain on the economy.

The reasons China never developed into a slave society are many and complex, but certainly an abundance of non-slave labour at low prices was one of the major ones. Korea had a very large slave population, ranging from a third to half of the entire population for most of the millennium between the Silla period and the midth century.

Most of the Korean slaves were indigenously generated. In spite of their numbers, slaves seem to have had little impact on other institutions, and thus the society can be categorized as a slave-owning one. Slavery existed in ancient Indiawhere it is recorded in the Sanskrit Laws of Manu of the 1st century bce.

The institution was little documented until the British colonials in the 19th century made it an object of study because of their desire to abolish it. In there were an estimated eight million or nine million slaves in India, many of whom were agrestic or predial slaves—that is, slaves who were attached to the land they worked on but who nevertheless could be alienated from it.

Malabar had the largest proportion of slaves, about 15 percent of the total population. The agrestic slaves initially were subjugated communities. The remainder of the slaves was recruited individually by purchase from dealers or parents or by self-sale of the starving, and they can be classified as household slaves.

Although there were exceptions, slaves were owned primarily for prestige. Slavery was widely practiced in other areas of Asia as well. A quarter to a third of the population of some areas of Thailand and Burma Myanmar were slaves in the 17th through the 19th centuries and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, respectively.

But not enough is known about them to say that they definitely were slave societies. Other societies in the PhilippinesNepalMalaya, Indonesiaand Japan are known to have had slavery from ancient until fairly recent times. The same was true among the various peoples inhabiting the regions of Central Asia: In the New World some of the best-documented slave-owning societies were the Klamath and Pawnee and the fishing societies, such as the Yurok, that lived along the coast from what is now Alaska to California.

Life was easy in many of those societies, and slaves are known to have sometimes been consumption goods that were simply killed in potlatches.

Among the Aztecs of Mexicoslavery generally seems to have been relatively mild. People got into the institution through self-sale and capture and could buy their way out relatively easily. Slaves were often used as porters in the absence of draft animals in Mesoamerica.

The fate of other slaves was less pleasant:Slavery: Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another. A slave was considered by law as property, or chattel, and was deprived of most of the rights ordinarily held by free persons.

There is no consensus on what a slave was or on how the institution of slavery should be defined.

Definitions of slavery

Slavery: Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another. A slave was considered by law as property, or chattel, and was deprived of most of the rights ordinarily held by free persons.

Learn more about the history, legality, and sociology of slavery in this article. British Dictionary definitions for slaveslave. noun. a person legally owned by another and having no freedom of action or right to property; a person who is forced to work for another against his will; a great number of whom they .

Slavery definition is - drudgery, toil. How to use slavery in a sentence. drudgery, toil; submission to a dominating influence; the state of a person who is a chattel of another. Definition of slave - (especially in the past) a person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey them.

Slavery, bondage, servitude refer to involuntary subjection to another or others. British Dictionary definitions for slaveryslavery. noun. the state or condition of being a slave; a civil relationship whereby one person has absolute power over another and controls his life, liberty, and fortune.

What does slavery mean?