In regard to the history of American communism the essay demonstrates a significant shift by two major left historians; but in regard to the history of American anticommunism, however, little has changed. The two issues are inextricably mixed and as welcome as movement on the first matter is, the immobility on the second shows the still yawning gap between their perspective and mine. Isserman and Schrecker are leading figures of the revisionist view of American communism that has dominated academic history from the s to the late s.
World War 2 Leaders A complete list of the national leaders of the countries which participated in the war In every country and government type, there is always one person at the political top who makes the key decisions and determines the national policy, or leads to it - the national leader.
This essay lists the national leaders of the countries which participated in World War 2. Some of these leaders were clearly the aggressors, while others led the war against aggression. Some leaders succeeded, while others failed to stand against stronger powers.
Some leaders were caught in the middle between stronger countries and were forced to take a side, while others were able to remain neutral and save their nations from the war. The aggressors Adolf Hitler - Nazi dictator of Germanyplanned and started World War 2, committed suicide at the end of the war read detailed Adolf Hitler biography page.
With a long militarist tradition, Japan became extremely militarist and aggressive in the s and was practically governed by military leaders. Tojo, an aggressive army General, became minister of war in July and prime minister in October After a short attempt to improve relations with the US failed, he ordered to go to war and attack Pearl Harbor in December He gradually took more ministerial roles, and in Feb.
When he realized that Japan was going to lose the war he resigned. The military continued to control Japan until the end of World War 2, which came when the Emperor Hirohito which was until then passive, ordered to surrender in order to prevent further inevitable destruction of Japan.
Benito Mussolini, was the prime minister of Italy A former journalist, he went to politics and formed the Fascist party, whose ideology, Fascism, called for a one-party state, total obedience, patriotic nationalism, and aggressive militarism.
Initially Mussolini led a right-wing coalition, but later Italy became a one party state. His treatment of unemployment made Mussolini popular, but the military aggression of Fascism led to its failure.
Mussolini was eager to demonstrate the "strength" of his regime by invading weaker neighbors. Inthe two Fascist dictators, Hitler and Mussolini, signed an alliance. In he invaded and occupied his small neighbor Albania, and Mussolini then enhanced his alliance with Hitler to a full military alliance.
Mussolini knew that his military was not very effective, but when the Germans defeated the French and British forces in mid he thought it was safe enough for him to attack Britain and the collapsing France too and declared war, and in October he also invaded Greece, and was repelled.
Mussolini had a million soldiers in Libya, and he sent them to attack the small British force in Egypt. Despite its numerical strength and the fact that British forces in the Mediterranean were greatly outnumbered and very stretched, the Italian military could not defeat them anywhere, and was severely beaten by the British, and simply had to call for the help of the much more capable Germans.
Even with German help, the British forces only lost their positions in Greece and kept fighting fiercely from their island bases in Malta, Gibraltar, and in North Africa. It was clear that Italy was losing the war, so several days after the invasion Mussolini was replaced and arrested in a remote mountain castle.
Hitler sent commandos to rescue his friend from captivity. In Aprilwhen German defence in North Italy collapsed, Mussolini was captured by Italian partisans and executed.I: WAR  We have heard our political leaders say from time to time that “War is necessary,” “War is a good thing.” They were trying to establish a major premise which would suggest the conclusion, “Therefore let us have a little war now,” or “It is wise, on general principles, to have a war .
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The Historiography of Soviet Espionage and American Communism: from Separate to Converging Paths. World War II (WWII or WW2), also called the Second World War and, in the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War, was a global war involving fighting in many parts of the world and many urbanagricultureinitiative.com countries fought – but some started fighting in Most of the world's countries, including all the great powers, fought as part of two .
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc), and the United States with its allies (the Western Bloc) after World War II.A common historiography of the conflict begins with , the year U.S. diplomat George F.
Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U.S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism. At the end of World War II, English writer George Orwell used cold war, as a general term, in his essay "You and the Atomic Bomb", published 19 October in the British newspaper urbanagricultureinitiative.complating a world living in the shadow of the threat of nuclear warfare, Orwell looked at James Burnham's predictions of a polarized world, writing.
Looking at the world . World War II: the Rise of the Superpowers, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.