The method of construction depended on the different way of presenting the work to the public, sometimes via the stage, sometimes through a book. Let us just point out that the technical advances alone were enough to permit the stage to incorporate an element of narrative in its dramatic productions. The possibility of projections, the greater adaptability of the stage due to mechanization, the film, all completed the theatre's equipment, and did so at a point where the most important transactions between people could no longer be shown simply by personifying the motive forces or subjecting the characters to invisible metaphysical powers.
Tweet Epic Theatre …the epic poet presents the event as totally past, while the dramatic poet presents it as totally present.
Epic Theatre proposed that a play should not cause the spectator to identify emotionally with the characters or action before him or her, but should instead provoke rational self-reflection and a critical view of the action on the stage. They must not sit back and feel, but sit forward and think.
He wanted his audiences to adopt a critical perspective in order to recognise social injustice and exploitation and to be moved to go forth from the theatre and effect change in the world outside.
In addition to this he used placards and even made the actors recite the stage directions out loud during the play itself. All these elements discouraged the audience from identifying with characters and so losing detachment, the action must continually be made strange, alien, remote, separate.
To do this, the director must use any devices that preserve or establish this distancing. Brechtian theatre articulated popular themes and forms with avant-garde formal experimentation. Brecht uses the example of an accident-eyewitness.
Moreover, the actor remains free to comment on what he shows. As the audience is not to be allowed to identify with the character, so, too, the actor is not to identify with it either. Brecht agrees with Stanislavsky that, if the actor believes he is Lear, the audience will also believe it, and share his emotions.
But, unlike Stanislavsky, he does not wish this to happen. The Brechtian actor must always be in control of his emotions. Chinese theatre and other influences Brecht was also influenced by Chinese theatre, and used its aesthetic as an argument for Verfremdungseffekt. However, Brecht was sure to distinguish between Epic and Chinese theatre.
His drama also owes much to a wide range of global theatrical conventions: Elizabethan, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Greek idea of Chorus, Austrian and Bavarian folk-plays, techniques of clowns and fairground entertainers.
They are all evident in his work. National Theatre Brecht left the Berliner Ensemble to his wife, the actress Helene Weigel, which she ran until her death in misterpolly commented on the word verfremdungseffekt.
Used by Brecht in his theatre. The effect of "alienation" seeks to destroy the theatrical illusion and keep the spectator aware that he is watching a dramatic (and didactic) work and should not become emotionally involved in it.
It was in this context that Brecht developed his theory of Verfremdungseffekt, also known as V-effekt, alienation effect, or distantiation effect. (Important disclaimer: there is compelling evidence that many of Brecht’s greatest ideas were developed in uncredited cooperation with his artistic partners).
Dec 11, · The V effekt is a technique used in Epic Theatre to grab the audiences attention and direct them to something new.
It was done by creating a rhythm and interrupting it .  Bertold Brecht, interview with Luth Otto, in Brecht on Theatre: the Development of an Aesthetic, ed. and tr. by John Willett, Hill and Wang, New York, , p.  Bertold Brecht, "Appendices to the Short Organum," in Brecht on Theatre: the Development of an Aesthetic, ed.
and tr. by John Willett, Hill and Wang, New York, , p. , para.
Brecht: Bertolt Brecht is one of the most influential figures in Twentieth century theatre — changing forever the way we do theatre.
Bertolt Brecht was born in Augsburg, Germany, on 10 February, He started writing and publishing by the age of 16 (news commentary, poems and short stories). Verfremdungseffekt (V-effekt) To discourage audience from identifying with character and so losing detachment, the action must continually be made strange, alien (Alienation Technique), remote, separate.