Posted on February 23, by Scott Alexander [Content warning: Discussion of social justice, discussion of violence, spoilers for Jacqueline Carey books. This post was inspired by a debate with a friend of a friend on Facebook who has since become somewhat famous.
This fallacy is the opposite of the Argumentum ad Crumenam. Remember always that fallacious arguments can arrive at true conclusions. The fallacy is committed when someone appeals to pity for the sake of getting a conclusion accepted. On the Net, your argument is often less likely to be heard if you repeat it over and over again, as people will tend to put you in their kill files.
It consists of asserting that the more people who support or believe a proposition, the more likely it is that that proposition is correct. You commit this fallacy if you attempt to win acceptance of an assertion by appealing to a large group of people.
This form of fallacy is often characterized by emotive language.
It is violence against women. This belief has had a great impact on their lives.
What more evidence do you need that Jesus was the Son of God? Are you trying to tell those people that they are all mistaken fools?
For example, we can distinguish quite clearly between: Penrose is a mathematician, so it is questionable whether he is well-qualified to speak on the subject of machine intelligence. The principle of Audiatur et Altera Pars is that all of the premises of an argument should be stated explicitly.
Bifurcation Also referred to as the "black and white" fallacy and "false dichotomy," bifurcation occurs if someone presents a situation as having only two alternatives, where in fact other alternatives exist or can exist.
The latter is incredibly unlikely, so Often, the proposition is rephrased so that the fallacy appears to be a valid argument. Hence any government official who is revealed to be a homosexual will lose his job. Therefore homosexuals will do anything to hide their secret, and will be open to blackmail.
Therefore homosexuals cannot be allowed to hold government office. Circular arguments are surprisingly common, unfortunately. This is the interrogative form of Begging the Question.
One example is the classic loaded question: This trick is often used by lawyers in cross-examination, when they ask questions like: Composition The Fallacy of Composition is to conclude that a property shared by a number of individual items, is also shared by a collection of those items; or that a property of the parts of an object, must also be a property of the whole thing.
Therefore cars are less environmentally damaging than buses. This is the fallacy that assumes that any given member of a set must be limited to the attributes that are held in common with all the other members of the set. This fallacy is the reverse of the Fallacy of Accident. Therefore all Christians are insincere.
Cum hoc ergo propter hoc This fallacy is similar to post hoc ergo propter hoc. The fallacy is to assert that because two events occur together, they must be causally related. Clearly television viewing impedes learning. Denial of the antecedent This fallacy is an argument of the form "A implies B, A is false, therefore B is false.
Note that this fallacy is different from Non Causa Pro Causa.Jan 31, · Slavery is good for slaves This argument teaches that slaves lack the ability to run their own lives and are therefore better-off and happier in a system where their lives are run by others.
Psychological Egoism. Psychological egoism is the thesis that we are always deep down motivated by what we perceive to be in our own self-interest.
Psychological altruism, on the other hand, is the view that sometimes we can have ultimately altruistic motives. Suppose, for example, that Pam saves Jim from a burning office building.
What . Slavery is a form of collectivism, because it sacrifices the good of the individual for the good of the group (or in this case, the slaver owners).
Slavery has never been based on characteristics of an individual, that is to say, people were never made slaves SOLELY from their own actions.
Slavery was, according to this argument, a good thing for the enslaved. John C. Calhoun said, "Never before has the black race of Central Africa, from the dawn of history to the present day, attained a condition so civilized and so improved, not only physically, but morally and intellectually.".
The United States government's support of slavery was based on an overpowering practicality. In , a thousand tons of cotton were being produced every year .
Teacher’s Note. While under the Common Core Standards Cannibals All! qualifies as an informational text, it is first and foremost a passionately argued piece of persuasive writing.
Published in Richmond, Virginia, in , and aimed at both Northern and Southern readers, it sought to claim for the South the moral high ground in the increasingly fierce national debate over slavery.